Type 2 diabetes affects insulin in the body. Everybody needs insulin to live as it plays an essential job in keeping the body healthy. Insulin allows the glucose in the blood to enter the cells and fuel the body. When a person has type 2 diabetes, the body still breaks down carbohydrate from food and drink and turns it into glucose. The pancreas responds by releasing insulin, however, insulin can’t work properly, and blood sugar levels keep rising, the more insulin is released. There is a food type to include in your diet which is known to reverse this and therefore help lower blood sugar levels.
Soluble fibre found in beans, oats, flaxseed and oat bran may help lower total cholesterol levels by lowering low-density lipoprotein, or “bad”, cholesterol levels, said the Mayo Clinic.
It continued: “Studies also have shown that high fibre foods may have other heart-health benefits, such as reducing blood pressure and inflammation.
“Helps control blood sugar levels in people with diabetes, fibre – particularly soluble fibre – can slow the absorption of sugar and help improve blood sugar levels.
“A healthy diet that includes insoluble fibre may also reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.”
In a study with the US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health, carbohydrates, dietary fibre and incident type 2 diabetes in older women was investigated.
The study noted: “Dietary carbohydrates may influence the development of type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes, for example, through effects on blood glucose and insulin concentrations.
“We examined the relations of baseline intake of carbohydrates, dietary fibre, dietary magnesium, and carbohydrate-rich foods and the glycaemic index with incidence of diabetes.
“Total grain, whole-grain, total dietary fibre, cereal fibre, and dietary magnesium intakes showed strong inverse associations with incidence of diabetes after adjustment for potential non dietary confounding variables.”
Benefits of eating a diet rich in soluble fibre include weight management as a feeling of fullness lasts longer and reduces hunger pangs.
Fibre is known to help with the two other dangerous conditions and can help lower a person’s cholesterol levels and blood pressure.
Having a diet with required amounts of fibre per day will also help reduce the risk of cardiovascular complications.
The recommended amount of fibre per day is 20 to 35 grams.
Foods rich in soluble fibre include dried beans, oat bran, rice bran, barley, peas and potatoes.
Foods high in insoluble fibre include wheat bran, cereals, whole grains and some vegetables.